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新概念英语3学习笔记Lesson 14

2021-06-10 16:42:00来源:网络

  新东方在线新概念小编为大家带来新概念英语3学习笔记Lesson 14一文,希望对大家的新概念英语学习有所帮助。更多精彩尽请关注新东方在线新概念英语学习网(http://nce.koolearn.com )!

  New words and expression 生词和短语

  Gangster n.歹徒, 强盗

  -- a?band?of?gangsters 一伙强盗

  robber n.抢劫犯, 抢劫者

  bandit n.强盗, 土匪

  brigand n.强盗, 土匪, 盗贼, 草寇(书面用语)

  hooligan n.流氓, 不良分子

  hoodlum n.罪犯, 恶汉(口语)

  rascal n.淘气, 捣蛋鬼(口语)

  hand? n.帮, 团伙

  -- a?band?of?robbers 一伙强盗

  mob ?n. 一群(表示贬义色彩的团伙、帮派)

  -- a?mob?of?hooligans 一伙流氓

  gang? n.一伙 (-- a?gang?of?thieves)

  nest ?n.窝 (-- a?nest?of?bandits)

  pack? n.团伙、帮派(-- a?pack?of?hoodlums)

  Chicago n.芝加哥(美国城市)

  Protection n.保护 (-- protection?money 保护费)

  protect vt.保护(protect…from…)

  -- We must protect our eyes from the sunshine.

  Protector(n.保护者) Protective(adj.保护的)

  Protege? n.被保护者

  Promptly adv.准时地

  -- I give him a ring and he call me back promptly.

  -- He was so sleepy that he went to sleep promptly.

  on?time?准时/in?time?及时

  punctual(adj.严守时刻的, 准时的) punctually ?adv.守时地

  destroy v.毁掉;消灭

  destroy? n.强调毁灭, 消灭, 完全的摧毁

  -- The earthquake destroyed the city. / You destroyed his dream.

  Damage ?n.v.强调受损程度不很严重, 可以被修复?

  -- The big clock was damaged.

  Break ?v.n.强调弄坏, 弄断

  -- Two of the strings were broken.

  spoil? v.强调把事情搅和了

  -- spoil the party / spoil the holiday

  remarkable adj.不寻常的(同意词:unusual, uncommon, extraordinary)

  -- a?remarkable?event?, an?extraordinary?event 不同寻常的事件

  outstanding(adj.突出的,杰出的,卓越的)

  -- Our headmaster is an outstanding youth.(n.年轻人, 青少年)

  Distinguished(adj.?杰出的, 卓越的, 不同非凡的)

  Eminent(adj.?显赫的, 杰出的, 有名的, 优良的)

  Distinguished和eminent是同义词(都是用来修饰严肃领域的人)

  -- a distinguished physicist(n.物理学家), an eminent surgeon(n.外科医生)

  -- an eminent judge(n.法官), a distinguished lawyer(n.律师)

  well-known adj.众所周知的(?强调众所周知的)

  -- She is well-known in the musical world. / This is well-known fact.

  famous adj.著名的(因卓越的贡献和成绩而流芳百世的)

  -- He is a famous movie star. / Luxun is famous for his articles.

  Notorious ?adj.?臭明昭著的, 臭名远扬的(=be?famous?for?bad?things)

  -- Hitler is notorious.(Hitler n.希特勒)

  infamous ?adj.身名狼藉的(=Notorious)

  renowned ?adj.某人或某事以其独特的品质、个性而闻名

  -- Hangzhou is renowned for its beautiful scenery.(n.风景, 景色)

  Florence n.佛罗伦萨(意大利城市)

  city-state n.(古代)城邦

  hire v.租出, 雇给

  hire?out 出租

  -- Does this firm hire out cars?

  Rent v.租, 租借, 出租 n.租金

  rent?out 租给, 雇给(主要强调出租房屋)

  -- He rent out his house to a tourist.

  Let 出租(let?his?house出租房屋)

  -- Please?let?your?house?to?me. 请把房屋租给我吧?

  hire?from, ?rent?from 租进来

  -- He hired a car from us. / I rent a room from Mrs. Johnson.

  hire指短期雇佣体力劳动者

  -- He hired two helpers

  employ指长期雇佣或聘用脑力劳动者

  -- We employed her as our advisor.(n.顾问)

  -- The factory employed 500 workers.

  Prince n.君主, 诸候 n.王子

  Florentine n.佛罗伦萨人

  Funeral n.葬礼

  Dedicate v.奉献, 题献给(dedicate to)

  dedicate sth to sb

  -- He dedicated his first book to his mother

  dedicate 献身, 奉献(比devote更为正式而庄重)

  dedicate…to sth

  -- I devote my time to helping my students.

  -- He dedicates his life to his motherland.

  -- He dedicated his life to science.

  Memory n.纪念

  Memory n.记忆, 记忆力, 存储器, 内存

  -- You have a good memory.

  -- If my memory serves me well, you‘re Tom. 如果我没有记错的话。

  in memory of…=to the memory of… 为了纪念…

  -- in memory of him=to the memory of him 为了纪念他

  in sb’s honor=in honor of sb 为纪念某人, 为庆祝某人

  -- we held a party in his honor.=we held a party in honor of him.

  Valiant adj.英勇的(强调非常勇敢)

  -- During war, soldiers are valiant.

  Brave adj.勇敢的

  -- The boy is brave.

  Fearless adj.大无畏的, 无所畏惧的

  -- We are fearless in time of danger.

  courageous? adj.有胆量的, 有勇气的

  noble adj.高尚的, 贵族的, 高贵的 n.贵族

  obtain vt.获得, 得到

  crime n.犯罪, 犯罪行为, 罪行

  settle vt.安放, 使定居 vi.安家, 定居

  demand v.要求, 需要 n.要求, 需求(量), 需要

  march vi.进军, 前进

  Italian n.意大利人, 意大利语 adj.意大利的, 意大利语的, 意大利文化的

  Offer vt., vi.提供, 提出

  Notable adj. 著名的, 显著的,值得注意的

  Signor n.阁下, 君

  以上就是新东方在线新概念英语学习网为你带来的新概念英语3学习笔记Lesson 14,更多精彩内容。敬请关注新东方在线新概念英语学习网(http://nce.koolearn.com)。


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