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新概念英语第一册语法讲解:代替与省略

2021-03-27 15:22:00来源:网络

  新概念英语的学习,语法很重要,今天新东方在线小编给大家整理了新概念英语第一册语法讲解:代替与省略,希望对大家的备考有所帮助,一起来看看吧!

新概念英语第一册语法讲解汇总

  英语中,为了避免不必要的重复,经常用so, not, to, do, does 代替前面出现的动词或相关内容。

  (1) 从上两例中看出,do / does / did 代替动词。

  He translated the article better than I did. (did代替wrote it)

  — Do you think she is clever?

  — I think so. (so代替 she is clever)

  (2) "so 与 not" 代替某个词、短语、句子等,通常用于hope, think, believe, expect, suppose, be afraid, fear, imagine, etc后作宾语。

  — Is it correct?

  — I'm afraid not. (not correct)

  (3) "to" 用作不定式,常跟随下列动词:want, mean, hope, expect, refuse, seem, intend, be, afraid, etc.

  I asked him to go to the party, but he refused to. (go to the party)

  (4) "do so, do that, do it" 用来代替动态动词,而不能代静态动词。

  — He gave up studying English.

  — Why did he do so? (= give up studying English)

  — The dish tastes nice.

  — Yes, so it does. (tastes nice)

  (此句不能用it does it 或 it does so, 因taste属静态动词。)

  (5) 为使语言精炼,避免不必要的重复,对话中常用省略形式。

  — He is thinking of buying a car?

  — Is he? (这里,“thinking of buying a car”被省略了。)

  — Will he come back in time?

  — Perhaps. (省略了he will come back in time.)


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