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新概念英语第三册Lesson24重点句型解析

2019-03-21 10:42:37来源:网络

   新东方在线新概念小编为大家带来新概念英语第三册重点句型解析一文,希望对大家的新概念英语学习有所帮助。更多精彩尽请关注新东方在线新概念英语学习网(http://nce.koolearn.com )!

   1 更多推荐:新概念英语第三册重点句型解析(汇总)

  Who was Sebastian?

  1、We often read in novels how a seemingly respectable person or family has some terrible secret which has been concealed from strangers for years.

  How 引导宾语从句

  has some terrible secret = has a skeleton in the cupboard = has a skeleton in the closet 家丑 which 引导的定语从句修饰

  secret seemingly adv.表面上地(= from appearance)

  -- a seemingly respectable person 表面上受人尊敬的人

  2、The English language possesses a vivid saying to describe this sort of situation.

  Possess = own = have got

  to describe this sort of situation 来描述这种场景(做定语用来修饰 saying)

  -- The English language possesses a vivid word to describe her beauty.

  3、The terrible secret is called‘a skeleton in the cupboard’.

  4、At some dramatic moment in the story, the terrible secret becomes known and a reputation is ruined.

  Some 某一个(修饰单数可数名词)= a certain Ruin vt.毁坏, 毁灭(泛指概念, 表示毁坏的过程不是一下完成的) = spoil vt.搞糟, 宠坏 v.扰乱

  -- The rain ruined my holiday. = The rain spoiled my holiday.

  Destroy vt.破坏, 毁坏 v.消灭, 摧毁(完全摧毁, 不可修复)

  -- To tell the patient the truth is to risk destroying his hope.

  -- The earthquake destroyed almost the entire city.

  Damage vt.损害, 损坏, 使受损失(可以被修复)

  -- The car is damaged and it is be repairing now.

  5、The reader's hair stands on end when he reads in the final pages of the novel that the heroine, a dear old lady who had always been so kind to everybody, had, in her youth, poisoned every one of her five husbands.

  one’s hair stands on end 某人感到毛骨悚然 = sb feel horrified (adj.带有恐怖感的, 惊骇的)

  -- My hair stands on end. 我感到毛骨悚然

  set/make one’s hair stands on end 使某人感到毛骨悚然

  -- horrid adj.恐怖的, 令人讨厌的, 可怕的

  -- The horrid film really make my hair stands on end.

  in her youth 在她年轻的时候

  everyone (单独用 every 和 one 连在一起)

  every one of (与 of 搭配 every 和 one 要分开)

  6、It is all very well for such things to occur in fiction.

  It is all very well…but… 好到是好, 但是…

  -- It is all very well for you to suggest taking a few days’ rest, but how can finish our work in time?

  -- It is all very well for them to ask me to do it, but I am too busy.

  Occur vi.发生, 出现(某个事件出乎意料的、偶然的发生)

  -- 比 happen 更正式

  -- When did the accident occur? It occurred to me to do… / It occurred to me that…

  -- It occurred to me to open the window.

  Happen vi.发生, 碰巧, 偶然(某个事件出乎意料的、偶然的发生)

  -- When did the accident happen?

  Take place v.发生, 举行(事件根据安排而发生、举行)

  -- When will the wedding take place?

  7、To varying degrees, we all have secrets which we do not want even our closest friends to learn, but few of us have skeletons in the cupboard.

  To varying degrees 从不同的角度来讲…

  Which 引导定语从句, 修饰 secret。

  Learn 得知、了解某个事实 / 学习某种知识、技能

  -- She is learning computers. 她正在学习电脑。(动态动词)

  Know 知道某个事实 / 具有某种知识、技能 / 了解某个人(状态动词, 不能用进行时)

  -- She knows about computers. 她懂电脑。

  The only person I know who has a skeleton in the cupboard is George Carlton, and he is very proud of the fact. George studied medicine in his youth.

  8、Instead of becoming a doctor, however, he became a successful writer of detective stories.

  Instead of doing… 表示相反、没有、取而代之的是…

  -- Instead of sleeping at home, he went shopping.

  9、I once spent an uncomfortable weekend which I shall never forget at his house.

  Which 指代 uncomfortable weekend

  Shall 的用法:

  1> (过去时 should)(shall 可缩写为 'll , shall not 常缩写为 shan't [FB:nt], 美国人常用 will 代 替)

  2> [用于主语为第一人称单复数, 表示单纯将来] 将要, 会

  -- I shall be forty on my next birthday. 到下次生日, 我就满四十岁。

  -- We shall be on holiday at this time next week. 我们将于下星期这个时候度假。

  -- I shall ring you up as soon as I arrive. 我一到就给你打电话。

  3> [用于陈述句第二、三人称, 表示说话者的意图、警告、命令、决心等, 主语的行动受讲话者支配] 必须, 应, 可

  -- He shall go. 他可以去。

  -- You shall have an answer by tomorrow. 到明天你可以得到答复。

  -- He shall have a bicycle for his birthday. 他可以得到一架自行车作为生日礼物。

  -- She shall not enter my house again. 她不得再进我家。

  4> [在问句中, 征 询对方对于主语行动的意见(提供帮助, 提出建议、要求给予指示和征求意 见), 主要用于第一、三人称]... 好吗? 要不要...?

  -- Shall I carry your bag ? 我帮你拿手提包, 好吗?

  -- Shall he come to see you ? 要不要他来看你?

  5> [用于第三人称, 在条约、规定、法令等文件中表示义务或规定]应, 必须

  -- No reader shall remove a book from the library without consent of the librarian. 非经管理员同意, 读者不准把书带出图书馆。

  -- The National Party Congress shall be convened every five years . 党的全国代表大会每五年举行一次。

  6> [在表示意图、要求等的从句中] 应该, 要

  -- I wish that you shall stay at home tonight. 我希望今晚你留在家里。

  -- You say you will not do it, but I say you shall do it. 你说你不做这事, 但是我说, 你非做不可。

  7> [用于将来时态的间接引语, 与直接引语中的 shall 相应]将

  -- He says that he shall [will] be glad to see you. (=He says, “I shall be glad to see you.”) 他说他将乐意来看你。

  10、George showed me to the guestroom which, he said, was rarely used.

  Show/lead sb to… 带领某人进入…

  Which 指代 guestroom was rarely used = was little used

  rarely adv.很少地, 罕有地

  little adv.很少 n.少许 adj.很少的

  11、He told me to unpack my things and then come down to dinner. After I had stacked my shirts and underclothes in two empty drawers, I decided to hang one of the two suits I had brought with me in the cupboard.

  12、I opened the cupboard door and then stood in front of it petrified.

  stand in front of sth petrified 站在…前, 目瞪口呆

  -- We stood petrified as we felt the earthquake began.

  Frighten vt.使惊吓(在某个特定的场合受到惊吓)

  -- I was frighten by a large dog.

  Terrified adj.恐惧的, 受惊吓的(表示惊吓的程度非常强烈)

  -- I was terrified when the tiger went towards me.

  Afraid adj.害怕, 担心(表示一种状态, 永久性的恐惧)

  -- The girl is afraid of mouse.

  13、A skeleton was dangling before my eyes.

  14、The sudden movement of the door made it sway slightly and it gave me the impression that it was about to leap out at me.

  gave me the impression that… 给某人以…的印象

  that 引导同位语从句, 进一步说明 impression 的内涵。

  -- He gave me the impression that he will help me every day. Be about to do sth 表示即将、就要(暗示动作即将发生)

  -- I was about to go to bed when there was a knock at the door.

  -- We were just about to leave when you telephoned.(多与 when 连用)

  leap out at sb 跳出来扑向某人

  15、Dropping my suit, I dashed downstairs to tell George.

  This was worse than‘a terrible secret’; this was a real skeleton!

  But George was unsympathetic.

  16、‘Oh, that, ’he said with a smile as if he were talking about an old friend.

  As if 引导虚拟语气

  ‘17、That's Sebastian. You forget that I was a medical student once upon a time.’

  Sebastian n.塞巴斯蒂安(古罗马的殉道者, 一般被刻画为裸体青年)

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