新概念英语第三册语法指导:容易混淆的动词1

2022-06-06 07:36:00来源:网络

新概念英语第三册语法指导:容易混淆的动词1

  新概念英语三册的难度开始提升,对于同学们英语基础的要求也是比较大的。所以很多刚开始接触新概念英语三册的同学,大家学起来会比较吃力。其实我们如果从词汇、语法再到段落文章,循序渐进,那么学习新概念英语三册会觉得更省时省力。下面小编为大家整理了“新概念英语第三册语法指导:容易混淆的动词1”,让我们一起来看看吧!

  1. rise,raise,arise,arouse

  “rise” 是不及物动词,过去式为rose,过去分词为risen,其基本词义“上升,上涨”。

  ● The sun rises in the east.

  ● A good idea rose in my mind. “raise” 是及物规则动词,“举起,提高”。

  ● He raised his voice to make himself heard.

  ● The boy can raise the heavy stone.

  “arise”,是不及物动词,过去式为arose,过去分词arisen,其语义为“出现,发生” 。

  ● His curiosity arose due to the question his mother asked.

  “arouse”是及物动词,过去式和过去分词为aroused,其语义为“唤醒,引起”

  arouse somebody from sleep 把某人唤醒

  arouse suspicion

  引起怀疑

  2. lay,lie,lie

  “lay”及物动词,“放置,生蛋”,过去式与过去分词为 “laid”

  I've laid the book on the self.

  The hen lays an egg every day.

  “lie”不及物动词“位于,平躺”,过去式为“lay”过去分词 “lain”

  He lay on the floor and slept soundly.

  Beijing lies in the north of China.

  “lie”及物动词“说谎”,它是规则动词。

  He lied to his teacher.

  3. sit,seat

  “sit”不及物动词,过去式与过去分词均为 “sat”。

  He sat in the classroom reading newspaper.

  “seat”及物动词,“使就坐”“容纳”。

  He seats himself here.

  He is seated there.

  He seats the baby on his knees.

  The hall will seat 5000 people.

  4. affect,effect

  “affect” 及物动词,“对……有影响,感动,触及”

  The relations between then will be affected.

  “effect” 及物动词, “导致,造成,带来(变化),产生”

  The changes in methods effected some improvement in his study.

  5. hang (hanged, hanged) / (hung, hung)

  当 hang过去式与过去分词为 “hanged”,其含义是“绞死”;而当hang的过去式与过去分词为“hung”时,其含义是“悬挂”。

  The man was hanged for murder. He hung his coat on the hook.

  6. borrow,lend “borrow”借入 “borrow sth. from ...”

  “lend”(lent, lent) 借出 “lend sb. sth” 或 “lend sth. To sb.”

  7. take,bring,fetch

  “take”(took, taken) 及物动词“拿走”

  以上就是为大家整理的“新概念英语第三册语法指导:容易混淆的动词1”,希望可以帮助大家更好地学习新概念英语第三册内容,更多内容敬请关注!


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