新概念二册语法短语整理6

2022-01-04 08:13:00来源:网络

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  【New words and expressions】

  beggar n. 乞丐 food n. 食物 pocket n. 衣服口袋 call v. 拜访,光顾

  ★beggar n. 乞丐 beg v.乞求 I beg your pardon? beg for 乞求得到 ask for 请求得到(ask sb. for sth. 向某人索要某物)

  ★food n. 食物(不可数) a lot of food

  ★pocket n. 衣服口袋 inner pocket 内口袋;jacket pocket 夹克的口袋;coat pocket 大衣口袋 pocket book 袖珍书;pocket dictionary 袖珍词典 pocket pick 车上的小偷 pocket money (小孩的)零花钱 change 零钱 get exact change 准备好正确的零花钱 beer money (男人的)零花钱

  ★call v. 拜访, 光顾 ① vt.&vi. 叫,喊 I heard someone calling. call out=shout 大声喊 ② vt. 呼唤,召唤 Lucy is sick. Please call a doctor. ③ vi. 访问,拜访;(车、船等)停靠 Amy called (at our house) yesterday. The train calls at large stations only. 这列火车只停大站。 call on sb. 拜访某人 I will call on you. 我要去你家。 call at+地点=visit someplace 拜访某地 I will call at your home. 我要去你家。 ④ vt.&vi. 打电话 call sb=call up sb. 给某人打电话 call back 回某人电话 Can you take a message for me?=Can you tell him to call back? call in sb. 招集和邀请某人 For the project, the government called in a lot of experts.

  【 Text】

  I have just moved to a house in Bridge Street. Yesterday a beggar knocked at my door. He asked me for a meal and a glass of beer. In return for this, the beggar stood on his head and sang songs. I gave him a meal. He ate the food and drank the beer. Then he put a piece of cheese in his pocket and went away. Later a neighbour told me about him. Everybody knows him. His name is Percy Buttons. He calls at every house in the street once a month and always asks for a meal and a glass of beer. 参考译文我刚刚搬进了大桥街的一所房子. 昨天一个乞丐来敲我的门, 问我要一顿饭和一杯啤酒. 作为回报, 那乞丐头顶地倒立起来, 嘴里还唱着歌. 我给了他一顿饭. 他把食物吃完, 又喝了酒. 然后把一块乳酪装进衣袋里走了. 后来, 一位邻居告诉了我他的情况. 大家都认识他, 他叫珀西.巴顿斯. 他每月对这条街上的每户人家光顾一次, 总是请求给他一顿饭和一杯啤酒.

  【课文讲解】

  1、Yesterday a beggar knocked at my door.

  ★knock v. 敲门 ① vi. 敲门 I knocked, but no one answered. knock at 敲(门、窗等) knock at the door;knock at the window ② vt.&vi. 碰撞 You always knock things off the table. 你总是碰掉桌上的东西。 Jim was knocked over by a bus this morning. 今天上午吉姆被一辆公共汽车撞倒了。 She has knocked a cup over again. 她又碰倒了一个杯子。 ③ vt. 把(某人)打成……状态 He knocked Tom out yesterday. 他昨天把汤姆打昏过去了。 ④ 与off连用时有一些特殊含义,一般用于口语 vt. (价格上)减去,除去,打折扣 They knocked five dollars off the price of the coat. The shop assistant knocked 10% off the bill.(He reduced the price by 10%.) vi. 下班,停止,中断(工作等) When do you usually knock off? 你一般什么时候下班? He knocked off for lunch at half past eleven. 他十一点半休息吃中午饭。 2、He asked me for a meal and a glass of beer. ask (sb.) for sth=request for sth. 问某人要什么东西(for为了这个目的去请求某人, sb.更多的时候不出现, ask for sth.) The boy asked (his parents)for money again/once more. 3、In return for this, the beggar stood on his head and sang songs. in return for this 作为对……的回报,作为交换(this 在代词当中常常指代上文的一件事情) I'll buy a present for him in return for hospitality. (hospitality adj. 热情) in return 作为回报 You lent me this interesting book last month. In return (for it), I’ll show you some picture books. In return for your help, I invite you to spend the weekend with my family. He doesn't want anything in return. 他不想得到任何回报 stood on his head 倒立 stand on one's hands 用手着地(hand单数就是一只手, 双手复数) stand on one's knees 跪着, 膝盖 lie on one's back 仰面躺着 lie on one's side 侧躺 lie on one's stomach 趴着 4、Later a neighbour told me about him. 介词about可以和一些动词连用,以表示“关于……(的)”、“涉及……(的)” Please tell me about the accident. tell sb. about sth. 告诉某人某事(about关于, 通过其他事自己得出的结论) tell you about him tell you about the word 解释这个单词的意思 tell sb. sth. 告诉某人某件事(把事情直接告诉) tell you the news tell you the word 直接告诉这个单词 5、Everybody knows him. everybody作为主语一定作单数看待, 属于不定代词所有的不定代词作为主语一律为单数看待 : somebody,anybody,everything等 6、He calls at every house in the street once a month and always asks for a meal and a glass of beer. calls at 光顾,拜访 in the street(英国)/on the street(美国) once a month 一个月一次, 单位表达方式 once adj. 表示每……一次(表示频率时后面直接加表示时间的名词), 计量单位 “/” (每……) five kilometers an hour He goes back to the South once a year.

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