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新概念第四册Lesson 21

2021-07-12 16:06:00来源:网络

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  Lesson 21

  William S. Hart and

  the early 'Western' film

  威廉.S. 哈特和早期限的‘西部’影片

  How did William Hart's childhood prepare him for his acting role in Western

  films?

  William S. Hart was, perhaps, the greatest of all Western stars, for unlike

  Gary Cooper and John Wayne he appeared in nothing but Westerns. From 1914 to

  1924 he was supreme and unchallenged. It was Hart who created the basic formula

  of the Western film, and devised the protagonist he played in every film he

  made, the good-bad man, the accidental-noble outlaw, or the honest-but-framed

  cowboy, or the sheriff made suspect by vicious gossip; in short, the individual

  in conflict with himself and his frontier environment.

  Unlike most of his contemporaries in Hollywood, Hart actually knew

  something of the old West. He had lived in it as a child when it was already

  disappearing, and his hero was firmly rooted in his memories and experiences,

  and in both the history and the mythology of the vanished frontier. And although

  no period or place in American history has been more absurdly romanticized, myth

  and reality did join hands in at least one arena, the conflict between the

  individual and encroaching civilization.

  Men accustomed to struggling for survival against the elements and Indians

  were bewildered by politicians, bankers and businessmen, and unhorsed by fences,

  laws and alien taboos. Hart's good-bad man was always an outsider, always one of

  the disinherited, and if he found it necessary to shoot a sheriff or rob a bank

  along the way, his early audiences found it easy to understand and forgive,

  especially when it was Hart who, in the end, overcame the attacking Indians.

  Audiences in the second decade of the twentieth century found it pleasant to

  escape to a time when life, though hard, was relatively simple. We still do;

  living in a world in which undeclared aggression, war, hypocrisy, chicanery,

  anarchy and impending immolation are part of our daily lives, we all want a code

  to live by.

  CARL FOREMAN Virtue and a Fast Gun from The Observer

  New words and expressions 生词与短语

  Supreme

  adj. 首屈一指

  protagonist

  n. 主角

  outlaw

  n. 逃犯,亡命之徒

  framed

  adj. 遭到陷害的

  vicious

  adj. 恶毒的

  mythology

  n. 神话

  vanished

  adj. 消失了的

  absurdly

  adv. 荒诞地

  arena

  n. 竞技场在

  encroaching

  adj. 渐渐渗入的

  Indian

  n. 印第安人

  bewilder

  v. 使手足无措

  alien

  adj. 外来的

  taboo

  n. 戒律

  disinherit

  v. 剥夺...继承权

  undeclared

  adj. 未经宣布的

  hypocrisy

  n. 伪善

  chicanery

  n. 诈骗

  impending

  adj. 迫近的,近在眉睫的

  immolation

  n. 杀戮

  code

  n. 准则

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