扫码领英语资料

听说读写全覆盖


80万+已关注

新概念第四册Lesson 18 Porpoises

2021-07-12 16:06:00来源:网络

  新东方在线新概念小编为大家带来一文,希望对大家的新概念英语学习有所帮助。更多精彩尽请关注新东方在线新概念英语学习网(http://nce.koolearn.com )!

  Lesson 18

  Porpoises

  海豚

  What would you say is the main characteristic of porpoises?

  There has long been a superstition among mariners that porpoises will save

  drowning men by pushing them to the surface, or protect them from sharks by

  surrounding them in defensive formation. Marine Studio biologists have pointed

  out that, however intelligent they may be, it is probably a mistake to credit

  dolphins with any motive of lifesaving. On the occasions when they have pushed

  to shore an unconscious human being they have much more likely done it out of

  curiosity or for sport, as in riding the bow waves of a ship. In 1928 some

  porpoises were photographed working like beavers to push ashore a waterlogged

  mattress. If, as has been reported, they have protected humans from sharks, it

  may have been because curiosity attracted them and because the scent of a

  possible meal attracted the sharks. Porpoises and sharks are natural enemies. It

  is possible that upon such an occasion a battle ensued, with the sharks being

  driven away or killed.

  Whether it be bird, fish or beast, the porpoise is intrigued with anything

  that is alive. They are constantly after the turtles, who peacefully submit to

  all sorts of indignities. One young calf especially enjoyed raising a turtle to

  the surface with his snout and then shoving him across the tank like an

  aquaplane. Almost any day a young porpoise may be seen trying to turn a

  300-pound sea turtle over by sticking his snout under the edge of his shell and

  pushing up for dear life. This is not easy, and may require two porpoises

  working together. In another game, as the turtle swims across the oceanarium,

  the first porpoise swoops down from above and butts his shell with his belly.

  This knocks the turtle down several feet. He no sooner recovers his equilibrium

  than the next porpoise comes along and hits him another crack. Eventually the

  turtle has been butted all the way down to the floor of the tank. He is now

  satisfied merely to try to stand up, but as soon as he does so a porpoise knocks

  him flat. The turtle at last gives up by pulling his feet under his shell and

  the game is over.

  RALPH NADING HILL Window in the Sea

  New words and expressions 生词与短语

  porpoise

  n. 海豚

  mariner

  n. 水手

  shark

  n. 鲨鱼

  formation

  n. 队形

  dolphin

  n. 海豚科动物

  unconscious

  adj. 不省人事

  beaver

  n. 海狸

  ashore

  adv. 上岸

  waterlogged

  adj. 浸满水的

  scent

  n. 香味

  ensue

  v. 接着发生

  intrigue

  v. 引起兴趣

  indignity

  n. 侮辱

  snout

  n. 口鼻部

  shove

  v. 硬推

  aquaplane

  n. 驾浪滑水板

  oceanarium

  n. 水族馆

  swoop

  v. 猛扑

  belly

  n. 腹部

  equilibrium

  n. 平衡

  butt

  v. 碰撞

  crack

  n. 重击

  本文参考译文

  长期以来,海员中流传着一种迷信的说法,认为海豚会把快要淹死的人托到水面,救人性命;或在人们周围列队保护,使他们免遭鲨鱼伤害。海洋摄影室的生物学家指出,无论海豚多么聪明,认为它们有救人的动机可能是错误的。当它们偶尔把一个失去知觉的人推到岸边时,更大的可能是出于好奇或游戏,就像它们追逐被船首犁开的浪花一样。1928年,有人拍摄到了海豚像海狸一样把浸透水的床垫推上岸的情景。正如报道中所说,如果海豚保护人不受鲨鱼侵害,那么它们可能是出于好奇;而鲨鱼可能是闻到了可以美食一顿的香味。海豚和鲨鱼是天然仇敌,双方可能随之发生搏斗,搏斗结果是海豚赶走或咬死鲨鱼。

  海豚对凡是活的东西都感兴趣,不管是鸟、是鱼,还是野兽。它们经常追逐海龟,海龟则温顺地忍受着各种侮辱。一只小海豚特别喜欢用鼻子把海龟推到水面,然后像滑水板一样把海龟从水池的这一边推到那一边。几乎每天都可以看到一只小海豚把鼻子顶入一只300磅重的海龟的硬壳下面,拼命地把它翻过来。这并非易事,可能需要两只海豚合伙干才行。在另一场游戏中,当海龟游过水族馆时,第一只海豚从上方猛扑下去,用腹部撞击龟壳。这一下子把海龟撞下去好几英尺。海龟刚恢复平衡,第二只海豚又冲过来猛击一下。这只海龟最终被撞到池底。此时的海龟,只要能站起来就满足了,但它刚站起来,就被一只海豚击倒。海龟终于屈服了,将

  4条腿缩进壳内。游戏到此结束。

  以上就是新东方在线新概念英语学习网为你带来的,更多精彩内容。敬请关注新东方在线新概念英语学习网(http://nce.koolearn.com)。


新东方在线英语水平测试

新概念1册-3天英语入门基础

本文关键字: 新概念英语四册 新概念

扫码关注新东方新概念课堂

回复【英文读物】免费领世界英文名著大全

更多资料
更多>>
  • 每日英语积累:被卷入某事当中

      【每日一句】  Get involved in   被卷入······  【用法透视】  这个句型可以用来表示某人"与 有牵连;卷入

    来源 : 网络 2021-06-29 16:43:39 关键字 : 新概念英语

  • 每日英语积累:我才不信...

      【每日一句】  Don& 39;t tell me   我才不信······  【用法透视】  这个句型用于表示惊讶和不相信,相当于I can&

    来源 : 网络 2021-07-05 15:47:00 关键字 : 新概念英语

  • 每日英语积累:你们还有..吗?

      【每日一句】  Do you have available?  你们还有······吗?  【用法透视】  在商业服务行业中询问"还有 吗"

    来源 : 网络 2021-07-04 15:46:00 关键字 : 新概念英语

  • 每日英语积累:算我一个

      【每日一句】  Count me in   算我一个。  【用法透视】  当有人想去做某事,而你也想参加,就说"Count me in",意思是"把

    来源 : 网络 2021-07-04 15:45:00 关键字 : 新概念英语

  • 每日英语积累:再好不过了

      【每日一句】  Couldn& 39;t be better   再好不过了。  【用法透视】  这个句型的字面意思是"不能更好了",也就是"最好,很

    来源 : 网络 2021-07-03 15:30:00 关键字 : 新概念英语

  • 每日英语积累:我可以跟你谈谈吗?

      【每日一句】  Could I have a word with you?  我可以私下和你谈谈吗?  【用法透视】  你如果有某些事要与某人私下说一

    来源 : 网络 2021-07-03 15:28:00 关键字 : 新概念英语

  • 每日英语积累:能帮我搭个手吗?

      【每日一句】  Can you give me a hand?  你能帮助我吗?  【用法透视】  "give a hand"的意思是"出手帮忙",这个句型可

    来源 : 网络 2021-07-02 15:27:00 关键字 : 新概念英语

  • 每日英语积累:信不信由你

      【每日一句】  Believe it or not   信不信由你······  【用法透视】  该句用来引出让人惊讶的事情,其字面意义和

    来源 : 网络 2021-07-02 15:26:00 关键字 : 新概念英语

  • 每日英语积累:受够了,烦了,腻了

      【每日一句】  be fed up with   对······腻了  【用法透视】  这个句型用来表示极其厌倦或不满。意思是"对

    来源 : 网络 2021-07-01 15:25:00 关键字 : 新概念英语

  • 每日英语积累:做个有风度的人

      【每日一句】  Be a good sport   做个有风度的人。  【用法透视】  这个句子引申自"有运动家风度"。用来劝人要有雅量。 

    来源 : 网络 2021-07-01 15:25:00 关键字 : 新概念英语

更多内容

必看《新概念英语语法大全》

扫码回复【新概念语法】免费领取

新概念1 新概念2 新概念3
更多>>
更多公开课>>
更多>>
更多资料