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新概念英语一册Lesson63-64自学笔记精讲解析

2019-04-11 11:04:18来源:网络

  新东方在线新概念小编为大家带来新概念英语一册自学笔记精讲解析一文,希望对大家的新概念英语学习有所帮助。更多精彩尽请关注新东方在线新概念英语学习网(http://nce.koolearn.com)!

  课文详注 Further notes on the text

  1.fell ill, 感觉病了;look ill, 看起来有病。

  前者指自我感觉,后者指外表形象。ill是表语,look和feel都是系动词,可像am/is/are那样,后面跟形容词。

  2.…so he must stay in bed for a week.……因此他必须卧床休息一周。

  so表示“因此”、“所以”。for可以引出一段时间,表示某个动作持续多少时间。又如:

  for two hours each day 每天两小时

  3.That's good news for Jimmy. 对吉米来说,这可是个好消息。

  句中的news是不可数名词,不是复数形式。在英语中,有些以-s 结尾的名词可作单数使用,又如:mumps(腮腺炎),measles (麻疹)。

  4.She has a headache. 她头疼。

  根据现代英语习惯,headache前常用不定冠词a。其他ache型的复合词也多用不定冠词,如:an earache(耳疼),a toothache (牙疼),a stomach ache(胃疼)。

  5.take/have an aspirin, 服/吃一片阿司匹林。

  6.have a temperature, 发烧。

  语法 Grammar in use

  1.完全动词 have(2)

  have(和 have got)常与表示疼痛和疾病的名词连用。关于与这种名词连用的不定冠词a/an的用法可有几种情况:

  (1)必须用不定冠词,如 a cold(感冒),a headache(头疼),a sore throat(嗓子疼):

  I have a headache/cold. 我头疼/感冒了。

  (2)不定冠词可用可不用,如 catch(a)cold(患感冒),have(a)backache/stomach ache/toothache(患背痛/胃痛/牙疼等):

  I've had(a) toothache all night. 我牙疼了一整夜。

  (3)复数形式的疾病名称前面不用冠词。如 measles(麻疹),mumps(流行性腮腺炎),shingles(带状疱疹):

  Most children are in bed with mumps. 大多数孩子们都得了流行性腮腺炎,躺在床上。

  (4)被认为不可数的疾病名称前面不用冠词,如flu(流行性感冒),gout(痛风),hepatitis(肝炎)等:

  I was in bed with flu for ten days. 我因患流感,卧床10天。

  the也可以与 flu,measles和 mumps等词连用,如:

  He's got the flu/the measles/the mumps. 他得了流感/麻疹/腮腺炎。

  2.must(2)

  must是情态助动词(如can一样),它本身没有时态、性或数的变化,也不能单独作谓语动词(简短回答除外)。must表示“必要性”,即某人必须做某事。(请参见 Lessons 29~30语法部分。)

  词汇学习 Word study

  1.feel v.

  (1)觉得;感到;意识到:

  I could feel rain on my face. 她感觉到雨点打在我的脸上。

  He's feeling a little better today. 他今天感觉好点了。

  (2)摸,触;(客体)给人某种感觉:

  He felt his pockets and then took out a small box. 他摸摸他的口袋,然后取出一个小盒子。

  The silk feels very smooth. 丝绸摸上去很滑爽。

  (3)认为;以为;相信:

  I feel that he has made a mistake. 我认为他犯了一个错误。

  I feel it unnecessary to do so. 我认为这样做没必要。

  2.remember v.

  (1)记得;回忆:

  Can Mrs. Williams remember the doctor's telephone number? 威廉斯太太记得起医生的电话号码吗?

  I remember he used to dress in a blue suit. 我记得他从前常穿一套蓝色衣服。

  (2)记住;牢记;不忘记:

  I tried hard to remember the long passage of Shakespeare. 我努力记住莎士比亚的大段说白。

  Remember your appointment with the dentist. 别忘了你和牙医的预约。

  练习答案 Key to written exercises

  Lesson 62

  A

  1 He has a cold.

  2 He can't go to work.

  3 He is not well.

  4 He feels ill.

  5 He must see a doctor.

  6 He does not like doctors.

  B

  1 What's the matter with Elizabeth?

  Does she have an earache?

  No, she doesn't have an earache.

  She has a headache.

  So she must take an aspirin.

  2 What's the matter with George?

  Does he have a headache?

  No, he doesn't have a headache.

  He has an earache.

  So he must see a doctor.

  3 What's she matter with Jim?

  Does he have a stomach ache?

  No, he doesn't have a stomach ache.

  He has a toothache.

  So he must see a dentist.

  4 What's the matter with Jane?

  Does she have a toothache?

  No, she doesn't have a toothache.

  She has a stomach ache.

  So she must take some medicine.

  5 What's the matter with Sam?

  Does he have a stomach ache?

  No, he doesn't have a stomach ache.

  He has a temperature.

  So he must go to bed.

  6 What's the matter with Dave?

  Does he have a headache?

  No, he doesn't have a headache.

  He has flu.

  So he must stay in bed.

  7 What's the matter with Jimmy?

  Does he have a headache?

  No, he doesn't have a headache.

  He has measles.

  So we must call the doctor.

  8 What's the matter with Susan?

  Does she have an earache?

  No, she doesn't have an earache.

  She has mumps.

  So we must call the doctor.

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