There be结构用法详解

2008-11-24 00:00:00来源:英语语法网

1. there be结构的主谓一致

在英语里表示什么地方或时间存在什么事情就用此结构,句子的结尾往往带有地点状语或时间状语。其中there是引导词,本身没有词意,be是谓语动词,be后面的名词是主语。be的数与后面的名词一致,若be后是两个或多个并列的名词,be则与靠得最近的那个名词的数一致。如:

There was a meeting yesterday. 昨天有个会议。

There is a pen, two books and many pencils on the desk. 桌上有一支钢笔、两本书和好些铅笔。

比较:There are two books, a pen and many pencils on the desk.


2. there be与have的比较

(1) 用法不同:there be 表示某个时间或地方“存在”某人或某物,而have表示主语“拥有”某人或某物,作宾语的某人或某物属主语所有。

(2) 结构不同:there be + sb./sth. +时间/地点(副词或介词短语);sb./sth. + have +sb./sth. else

There are some children in the garden.花园里有几个孩子。

She has three cars. 她拥有三辆汽车。(汽车是属于她的)

注:若是部分与整体关系时,有时用两种表达方式都可以。如:

A week has seven days. =There are seven days in a week. 一周有七天。


3. there be的否定和疑问

(1) 否定式:be后面加not(any)或no。如:

There are not any boats on the river. 河上没有船。

(2) 疑问句:是把be移到there的前面来。如:

Are there any boat on the river? 河上有船吗?

Yes, there are..(No, there are not.) 有。(没有。)

注:若有别的助动词时就不一样了,请看:

There won’t be a football match tomorrow, will there? 明天没有足球赛,对吗?

There usedn’t to be a tall tree here, used/didn’t ther? 以前这里有棵高树,是不是?

There seems to be something wrong with you, doesn’t there? 你好像有些不舒服,对吗?

There happened to be a well there, didn’t there? 那里碰巧有口井,是不是?


4. there be结构的时态

there be结构有不同的时态,而且可以和各种助动词或情态动词连用。如:

There was a sport meeting in the playground yesterday. 昨天运动场举行了一场运动会。

There will be (=There is going to be) a new film show on Monday. 星期一将有一场新电影放。

There is to be a concert at the school hall. 学校礼堂有场音乐会。

There have been a lot of accidents round here. 这里已经发生多起事故了。

He told me that there had been an argument between them. 他告诉我们之间发生了一场争论。

There will have been a definite result by Friday. 到星期五前就已经有明确的结果了。

There must be a mistake somewhere. 一定在什么地方有错误。

There must have been a rain last night, for the ground is wet. 昨晚一定下了雨,因为地是湿的。


5. there be结构的变体

该结构中,有时be还可以被live, exist, lie, stand, seem, rise, remain, happen, come, go等动词代替。如:

Once there lived an old fisherman in a village by the sea. 从前,在海边的一个村子里住着一个老人。

There remained just twenty-eight pounds. 只剩二十八英镑了。

There seems little doubt that he is insane. 似乎没有多少疑问他的神经不正常。


6. there be的非限定形式

there be的非限定形式是there to be和there being,主要用来做介词或动词的宾语、主语或状语。如:

Have you ever thought of there being so many interesting films for you to choose from?没想到过有这么多有趣的电影供你选择吧?

John was relying on there being another opportunity. 约翰相信另有机会。

There being a bus stop so near my house is a great advantage. 有公交车停在离我房子这么近的地方是很大的优势。

There having been no rain, the ground was dry. 由于没有下雨,地上很干燥。

It’s unusual for there to be so few people in the street. (=It’s unusual that there are so few people in the street) 这条街上这么少的人是不寻常的。

It was too late for there to be any subways. 太晚了,不会有地铁了。

Would you like there to be a meeting to discuss the problem? 你们要开个会讨论一下这个问题吗?

I don’t want there to be a simple mistake in the article that I have written. 我不想我写的这篇文章中有错误。

I except there to be no argument about this. 我期限望对此事没有争论的。

注:there to be常做like, expect, mean, want, intend, prefer, hate等的复合宾语。


7. there be的固定句型

There be +名词或代词+to do (+介词) 有某事要做

There be + some/no+ trouble/difficulty ( in) doing sth/with sth. 做某事(没)有困难

There be + some/no + doubt about/as to sth / that… 对某事(没)有疑问

There is no sense/use/good/point (in) doing sth 做某事没有道理/用处/好处/意义

There is no need (for sb.) to do sth/that… (某人)做某事没有必要

There is no chance/possibility to do sth/of doing sth./that… 没有做某事的机会/可能性

There was no arguing with her. 没法和她争辩。

There is a time when...有做某事的一段时间

新东方在线英语水平测试

新概念1册-3天英语入门基础

本文关键字:

扫码关注新东方新概念课堂

免费领取资料大礼包

更多资料
更多>>
更多内容

新概念学习资料大礼包

加微信免费领取电子版资料

更多>>
更多公开课>>
更多>>
更多资料