看不懂 as of 在句子在的结构

2008-08-29 00:00:00来源:网络

问:
1)A high-speed passenger train jumped the track in the eastern province of Shandong early on Monday, striking another train and leaving 70 known dead and 416 injured as of late Monday, according to railway authorities.
Question : 看不懂这个结构 as of

答:as of 有三个常用的意思:1. 在...时 2. 到...时为止 3. 从...时起。根据上文,该处的as of意为“到...时为止”。


问:
2)discover the cause of the accident and resume rail operations at the earliest time possible.
Question : at the earliest time possible 结构不明白

答:at the earliest time possible是一种经常性的用法,意为“尽可能早”,本句也可说成discover the cause of the accident and resume rail operations as soon as possible.


问:
3)they don’t have enough money to buy them or even to make the first payment Burglar alarms going off at any time of the day or night serve only to annoy passers-by and actually ( to 被省略了 ) assist burglars to burgle
Question : 为什么第一句话里面有两个 to
为什么第二句话里面只有一个 to , 而把 assist 前面的那个 to 被省略了

答:assist burglars to burgle 与serve...是并列的, 故assist前不加to。


问:
4) put the book where it belongs / I am back to where I started from
Question : 前面 belong 后面没有加介词to, 但是后面这一句有介词 from , 为什么 ?

答:put the book where it belongs这种说法虽然语法上正确,但并不常用。更常见的是give the book back to whom it belongs;I am back to where I started from 中是讲地点,习惯上要用介词的。语言有时是一种习惯,不能纯粹分析语法。

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